• 【每日一練】2017考研英語模擬試題及答案解析(11.7)

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      為了幫助考生備考2017年在職考研,新陽光教育考研網特意推出了2017在職考研模擬試題每日一練,供大家備考練習,如下。

      2017在職考研英語模擬試題:

      Directions:Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered black and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)

      Most people who travel long distance complain of jetlag. Jetlag makes business travelers less productive and more prone 1 making mistakes. It is actually caused by 2 of your "body clock"—a small cluster of brain cells that controls the timing of biological 3 . The body clock is designed for a 4 rhythm of daylight and darkness, so that it is thrown out of balance when it 5 daylight and darkness at the "wrong" times in a new time zone. The 6 of jetlag often persist for days 7 the internal body clock slowly adjusts to the new time zone.

      Now a new anti-jetlag system is 8 that is based on proven 9 pioneering scientific research. Dr. Martin Moore Ede had 10 a practical strategy to adjust the body clock much sooner to the new time zone 11 controlled exposure to bright light. The time zone shift is easy to accomplish and eliminates 12 of the discomfort of jetlag.

      A successful time zone shift depends on knowing the exact times to either 13 or avoid bright light. Exposure to light at the wrong time can actually make jetlag worse. The proper schedule 14 light exposure depends a great deal on 15 travel plans.

      Data on a specific flight itinerary and the individual's sleep 16 are used to produce a Trip Guide with 17 on exactly when to be exposed to bright light.

      When the Trip Guide calls 18 bright light you should spend time outdoors if possible. If it is dark outside, or the weather is bad, 19 you are on an aeroplane, you can use a special light device to provide the necessary light 20 for a range of activities such as reading, watching TV or working.

      1. A. to B. of C. for D. from

      2. A. eruption B. disruption C. rupture D. corruption

      3. A. actions B. behavior C. functions D. reflection

      4. A. formal B. regular C. continual D. circular

      5. A. experiences B. possesses C. encounters D. retains

      6. A. signs B. defects C. diseases D. symptoms

      7. A. if B. whereas C. while D. although

      8. A. available B. agreeable C. adaptable D. approachable

      9. A. extensive B. tentative C. broad D. inclusive

      10. A. devised B. scrutinized C. visualized D. recognized

      11. A. in B. as C. at D. through

      12. A. more B. little C. most D. least

      13. A. shed B. retrieve C. attain D. seek

      14. A. in B. for C. on D. with

      15. A. specific B. complicated C. unique D. peculiar

      16. A. mode B. style C. norm D. pattern

      17. A. directories B. commentaries C. instructions D. specifications

      18. A. up B. off C. on D. for

      19. A. or B. but C. and D. while

      20. A. spur B. stimulus C. agitation D. acceleration

      2017在職考研英語模擬試題參考答案與解析:

      1. A. to

      這是一道短語固定搭配題。詞組be prone to (do) sth.的含義是“有……的傾向,易于……”。例如:This part of the road is prone to accidents.這段道路容易出事故。

      2. B. disruption

      A 項eruption 的意思是“(火山)噴發,出疹子”。B 項disruption 意為“破壞,混亂”;C 項rupture 意為“破裂,裂 開”;D 項corruption 含義為“腐敗”。原句意為“這實際上是由你體內生物鐘紊亂造成的”。

      3. C. functions

      原句意為:“生物鐘是指控制生理功能時間的腦細胞群。”A 項action 為“行為,行動”,通常指具體的“作為”。B 項function 可以指 人體,或者是機器的“運轉,發揮功效”。C 項behavior 為“舉止,行為”,側重于人們行事的方式。D 項reflection 意為“反射,沉思”,顯 然和本句意思不符。

      4. B. regular

      原句意為“體內的生物鐘是根據日夜規律的交替而設計的”。A 項formal:形式的;正式的。B 項continual:持續的,不斷的。D 項 circular:圓形的,循環的。用來形容日夜交替的rhythm(節律)的自然是C 項最合適。

      5. C. encounters

      原句意為:“它(生物鐘)到了一個新的時區,經歷了時間錯亂的白天和黑夜,就會失去平衡。”其中A 項experiences 側重于“主觀的經歷 和感受”,主語多為人。B 項possess“擁有”和D 項retain“保留,保持”放在上下文中都不通。

      6. D. symptoms

      “因跨越時區而導致的不適癥狀通常會持續數天”。首先,這種不適并不屬于疾病的范疇,因此C 項可以排除。A 項sign 意為“標志”,“跡象,征 兆”。例如:There are no signs of life about the house.這房子沒有有人住的跡象。B 項defect 通常指事物“固有的”、“先天的”缺陷。例如:heart defects 就是指先天的心臟缺損。只有D 項symptoms“癥狀”最符合原文。

      7. C. while

      文中該處的意思是“時差反應的癥狀常常會持續數天,在這期間,體內的生物鐘也在慢慢適應新的時區”。可以看出,其中兩個分句的動作是同時進行 的。因此應選C 項while“當……的時候”。

      8 .A. available

      原文意為“現在有了一種新的防止時差反應的方法”。B 項available“可用的,有效的”是惟一符合上下文的選項。A 項agreeable “令人愉快的,愜意的”;C 項adaptable“適應性強的”;D 項approachable“可接近的,平易近人的”,均不符合題意。

      9. B. tentative

      首先可以排除C 項和D 項。因為broad 側重“寬闊的”,“概括的”,inclusive 意為“包括的”,用來修飾pioneering scientific research 顯然都不合適。此外我們注意到,extensive 意為“廣泛的,大量的”,顯然和文中所給出的pioneering“前衛的,創新的” 不符合。因此只有B 項tentative“試探的,實驗性的”和上下文最

     
     
     
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